The Difference between State Courts and Federal Courts

Connecticut law firm Ebenstein & Ebenstein provided full legal services to clients around the state for many years. Dedicated to providing exceptional counsel and services, Ebenstein & Ebenstein lawyers had experience in both state and federal courts.

Within the United States judicial system, there are two types of courts: state and federal. Each type handles different types of cases and is structured differently from the other. It is important to know the two types of courts and the different types of cases they deal with when one is going to be involved in legal proceedings. Established by the Constitution and laws of each state, state courts handle specific legal matters, as do juvenile or family courts, for example, and their decisions are eligible for review by the Supreme Court of the United States. Federal courts are given judicial power by the U.S. Constitution and established by Congress. Decisions made in federal courts can be challenged in a U.S. court of appeals.

Federal courts typically handle cases that deal with the Constitution or involve public ministers, ambassadors, treaties, or laws. Federal courts also deal with habeas corpus issues, bankruptcy, and disputes between two or more states. Conversely, state courts handle most contract, criminal, family law, and personal injury cases. They also deal with cases involving estates and wills, and serve as the final deciders in cases regarding state constitutions and laws.